A typical native of Northern Hemisphere, Hemp or popularly known as Industrial Hemp is a variety of the plant Cannabis sativa that is widely grown for its industrial applications in the industries of paper, textile, biodegradable plastics, biofuel, paint and animal feed. Often misunderstood with Marijuana, both of them differ in their genetic composition and method of cultivation. Hemp contains lesser amount of THC, generally about 0.3% by concentration and a higher amount of Cannabidiol(CBD), whose presence reduces the psychoactive properties in Hemp. Hence there is a wide disparity in the legality issues of the Hemp products in a number of nations. This article deals with the major question that everyone has- How much THC is in hemp.
Differences between CBD and THC
Before moving on with the question, one needs to understand the basic differences between CBD and THC, which are often misunderstood to be belonging to the same family of chemical compounds. So following are the major differences: –
- CBD has a much lesser psychoactive effect and imparts more of the structural strength, as a result of which it finds applications in the textile industry. While on the other hand THC has primarily psychoactive effect and hence reacts very fastly with the brain and other parts of the central nervous system.
- THC is the lead constituent in Marijuana with composition on an average of 5-25% while CBD is the lead constituent of Hemp,
- The atomic arrangements of both of the compounds are different, with an open ring hydroxyl and alkene group in CBD and a closed ring ester group in THC.
- The level of interaction with the cannabinoid receptors of the body are very different. THC directly binds and affects with the CB1 and CB2 receptors of the body whereas CBD acts partially as an inhibitor for these receptors and binds well with the other non-cannabinoid receptors.
The main answer
Coming to the main answer, researchers have found out that cbd oil for anxiety has traces of THC in concentration as low as 0.3%, but its psychoactive nature is reduced majorly due to the high presence of CBD in it. Since both of the compounds are present in the same plant, hence extraction of any one of them leads to detection of a few traces of the other compound. Due to its lower concentration of THC, Hemp is rarely used for any medicinal purpose and is majorly used for its fibres in textile and paper industry.